Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil

Eugenio Y. Arima, Paulo Barreto, Elis Araújo, Britaldo Soares-Filho

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    • 84 Citations

    Abstract

    Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by conducting a statistical analysis to ascertain if different levels of environmental enforcement between two groups of municipalities had any impact on this reduction. Our analysis shows that these targeted, heightened enforcement efforts avoided as much as 10,653km2 of deforestation, which translates into 1.44×10-1PgC in avoided emissions for the 3 y period. Moreover, most of the carbon loss and land conversion would have occurred at the expense of closed moist forests. Although such results are encouraging, we caution that significant challenges remain for Brazil's continued success in this regard, given recent changes in the forestry code, ongoing massive investments in hydro power generation, reductions of established protected areas, and growing demand for agricultural products.

    LanguageEnglish (US)
    Pages465-473
    Number of pages9
    JournalLand Use Policy
    Volume41
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    public policy
    deforestation
    Brazil
    forest clearance
    climate change
    carbon emission
    power generation
    water power
    protected area
    global climate
    carbon
    economic growth
    forestry
    statistical analysis
    agricultural products
    economic development
    developing world
    land use change
    agricultural product
    municipality

    Keywords

    • Amazonia
    • Avoided deforestation
    • Land change
    • Public policy
    • REDD

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Forestry
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Nature and Landscape Conservation
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

    Cite this

    Arima, E. Y., Barreto, P., Araújo, E., & Soares-Filho, B. (2014). Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil. Land Use Policy, 41, 465-473. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026

    Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation : Lessons and challenges from Brazil. / Arima, Eugenio Y.; Barreto, Paulo; Araújo, Elis; Soares-Filho, Britaldo.

    In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 41, 01.01.2014, p. 465-473.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Arima, EY, Barreto, P, Araújo, E & Soares-Filho, B 2014, 'Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil' Land Use Policy, vol. 41, pp. 465-473. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026
    Arima EY, Barreto P, Araújo E, Soares-Filho B. Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil. Land Use Policy. 2014 Jan 1;41:465-473. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026
    Arima, Eugenio Y. ; Barreto, Paulo ; Araújo, Elis ; Soares-Filho, Britaldo. / Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation : Lessons and challenges from Brazil. In: Land Use Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 41. pp. 465-473
    @article{117b010059824d9b932a331897c45a16,
    title = "Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil",
    abstract = "Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by conducting a statistical analysis to ascertain if different levels of environmental enforcement between two groups of municipalities had any impact on this reduction. Our analysis shows that these targeted, heightened enforcement efforts avoided as much as 10,653km2 of deforestation, which translates into 1.44×10-1PgC in avoided emissions for the 3 y period. Moreover, most of the carbon loss and land conversion would have occurred at the expense of closed moist forests. Although such results are encouraging, we caution that significant challenges remain for Brazil's continued success in this regard, given recent changes in the forestry code, ongoing massive investments in hydro power generation, reductions of established protected areas, and growing demand for agricultural products.",
    keywords = "Amazonia, Avoided deforestation, Land change, Public policy, REDD",
    author = "Arima, {Eugenio Y.} and Paulo Barreto and Elis Ara{\'u}jo and Britaldo Soares-Filho",
    year = "2014",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "41",
    pages = "465--473",
    journal = "Land Use Policy",
    issn = "0264-8377",
    publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation

    T2 - Land Use Policy

    AU - Arima,Eugenio Y.

    AU - Barreto,Paulo

    AU - Araújo,Elis

    AU - Soares-Filho,Britaldo

    PY - 2014/1/1

    Y1 - 2014/1/1

    N2 - Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by conducting a statistical analysis to ascertain if different levels of environmental enforcement between two groups of municipalities had any impact on this reduction. Our analysis shows that these targeted, heightened enforcement efforts avoided as much as 10,653km2 of deforestation, which translates into 1.44×10-1PgC in avoided emissions for the 3 y period. Moreover, most of the carbon loss and land conversion would have occurred at the expense of closed moist forests. Although such results are encouraging, we caution that significant challenges remain for Brazil's continued success in this regard, given recent changes in the forestry code, ongoing massive investments in hydro power generation, reductions of established protected areas, and growing demand for agricultural products.

    AB - Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by conducting a statistical analysis to ascertain if different levels of environmental enforcement between two groups of municipalities had any impact on this reduction. Our analysis shows that these targeted, heightened enforcement efforts avoided as much as 10,653km2 of deforestation, which translates into 1.44×10-1PgC in avoided emissions for the 3 y period. Moreover, most of the carbon loss and land conversion would have occurred at the expense of closed moist forests. Although such results are encouraging, we caution that significant challenges remain for Brazil's continued success in this regard, given recent changes in the forestry code, ongoing massive investments in hydro power generation, reductions of established protected areas, and growing demand for agricultural products.

    KW - Amazonia

    KW - Avoided deforestation

    KW - Land change

    KW - Public policy

    KW - REDD

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904514145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904514145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026

    DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026

    M3 - Article

    VL - 41

    SP - 465

    EP - 473

    JO - Land Use Policy

    JF - Land Use Policy

    SN - 0264-8377

    ER -