Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil

Eugenio Y. Arima, Paulo Barreto, Elis Araújo, Britaldo Soares-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by conducting a statistical analysis to ascertain if different levels of environmental enforcement between two groups of municipalities had any impact on this reduction. Our analysis shows that these targeted, heightened enforcement efforts avoided as much as 10,653km2 of deforestation, which translates into 1.44×10-1PgC in avoided emissions for the 3 y period. Moreover, most of the carbon loss and land conversion would have occurred at the expense of closed moist forests. Although such results are encouraging, we caution that significant challenges remain for Brazil's continued success in this regard, given recent changes in the forestry code, ongoing massive investments in hydro power generation, reductions of established protected areas, and growing demand for agricultural products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-473
Number of pages9
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

forest
deforestation
emission
climate change
Brazil
carbon
Waldsterben
measurement method
hydropower
forestry
statistical analysis
agricultural product
municipality
conversion
economic growth
public policy
developing country
generation
investment
land

Keywords

  • Amazonia
  • Avoided deforestation
  • Land change
  • Public policy
  • REDD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Arima, E. Y., Barreto, P., Araújo, E., & Soares-Filho, B. (2014). Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil. Land Use Policy, 41, 465-473. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026

Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation : Lessons and challenges from Brazil. / Arima, Eugenio Y.; Barreto, Paulo; Araújo, Elis; Soares-Filho, Britaldo.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 41, 2014, p. 465-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arima, EY, Barreto, P, Araújo, E & Soares-Filho, B 2014, 'Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil' Land Use Policy, vol 41, pp. 465-473. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026
Arima EY, Barreto P, Araújo E, Soares-Filho B. Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil. Land Use Policy. 2014;41:465-473. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.026

Arima, Eugenio Y.; Barreto, Paulo; Araújo, Elis; Soares-Filho, Britaldo / Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation : Lessons and challenges from Brazil.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 41, 2014, p. 465-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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